Directions and objective plans of department of livestock development in 2018
Policies and operational procedures for Thailand's Department of Livestock Development emphasizing on animals’ well-being, alternating natural grazing farm system to intensive farming. Enhancing animal welfare throughout the entire supply chain to build up stability and exportation
1. Direction of production development support and technology transference
- Animal Nutrition
Thailand’s Department of livestock development (DLD) emphasizes on animal nutrition management which is 60% of cost of livestock production. DLD has been developing feed formulas that are suitable to use in different areas in Thailand.
- Animal Breeds
Thailand has imported livestock used as breeding animals. DLD’s animal breeding program will be a tool to reduce livestock importation and cost of production, in addition to drive the demands for global market
- Agricultural alternation
Alternating from grazing to intensive farming is one of the methods to prevent and control epidemic, helping Thai farmers increase potentials in reducing cost of production, yields, reaching markets’ standards, establishing cooperatives, management, and building networks.
- Promoting livestock farming
DLD establishes many projects promoting livestock farming such as beef cattle, buffalos and goats, including forage crops in areas that are not suitable for rice farming by using Agricultural Map of Adaptive Management (Agri-Map) as a tool for agricultural management.
- Agricultural volunteering
DLD continues to work with volunteers participating in agricultural projects.
- Technology transfer and training
Due to price fluctuation on agricultural products, farming does not seem to be profitable and it has caused farmers to stop farming and change occupations. Nowadays, most farmers in Thailand are elderly people. The younger people have no interests in farming. Moreover, knowledge and production technology are not suitable due to the changing factors of production. As a result, the products do not meet the market’s demands and cost of production has increased.
To resolve these problems, DLD must transfer suitable technology for farmers to reduce cost of production by adopting local knowledge and having successful farmers as role models. In addition, developing the role model farms to become learning centers for people who are interested in farming and establishing farmer network can lead to reducing cost of production and sustainable business for young farmers.
2. Direction of Animal Health
DLD concerns about biosecurity and tries to move towards vaccination free and stopping using prohibited matter.
- Protection and disease control
Rabies is a fatal but preventable zoonotic disease that predominantly affects poor and rural populations in Africa and Asia. The disease is transmitted via bites and scratches from infected animals, and dogs are responsible for around 99% of human cases.
“To eliminate rabies, you have to give people the knowledge they need and also teach them about their responsibilities,” said Professor Dr Her Royal Highness Princess Chulabhorn Mahidol. Her Royal Highness’ commitment is helping to engage and motivate the public to prevent rabies throughout Thailand, from central government to village levels.
Her Royal Highness’ commitment celebrates the progress, innovation and leadership Thailand has shown in accelerating efforts to eliminate human rabies deaths by 2020. Her involvement has helped to engage and motivate the public to prevent rabies, from the village to province to national level.
Thailand’s strategy is built on key areas that encompass all aspects of rabies control, elimination and prevention. It includes disease monitoring, prevention and control in animals and human beings; animal shelter management and integration of human–animal disease control in communities; awareness, data collection, analysis and research through its “Rabies One Data” centre; project monitoring and evaluation; and research, development and transfer of technology.
- Animal hospital management
3. Direction of standards of animal products
Adjusting Thai standards according to world’s standards throughout the whole supply chain and building traceability system for stability and exportation.