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Hemorrhagic septicemia


Hemorrhagic septicemia (HS) is a major disease of cattle and buffaloes characterized by an acute, highly fatal septicemia with high morbidity and mortality. Cattle and buffaloes are the primary species affected and buffaloes are considered to be highly susceptible. Outbreaks are mainly occurred during the rainy season, in animals with poor physical condition.

Vaccination as a preventive prophylaxis is routinely practiced for all buffaloes and cattle in risk area. HS vaccine is locally produced by DLD’s Bureau of Veterinary Production of vaccines and reagents which comply with OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals.

Control of HS is best achieved through good husbandry practices, increased awareness of the disease for farmers, early reporting systems and organized vaccination programs. When an outbreak occurred, a contingency plan for HS is available in the DLD Yearly Animal health work plan where there is a protocol for control measures such as movement restriction, ring vaccination, treatment procedures for sick animal. Moreover, drug sensitivity analysis is monitored annually in order to provide appropriate ABO for medical prophylaxis.