Animal welfare for laboratory animal
Experimental Animal Section, NIAH
Experimental Animal Section which is responsible for using laboratory animal was established in 1986 at National Institute of Animal Health. The studies and researches related to laboratory animals have been conducted under Animals for Scientific Purposes ACT A.D. 2015.
The principle of the 3 Rs approach has been employed for animal research as
Ethical Principles for using Experimental Animals
- Animal users have to be aware of the value of life of animals
Animals will be used only for specific purposes, which have been carefully considered as beneficial and most necessary for the development of life for both humans and animals.
- Animal users need to be aware that animals are living beings just as humans are living beings
Animal users have to be aware that animals experience a sense of pain and respond to their surroundings in the same way that human do. Animals are to be treated with caution to avoid stress, pain and suffering by providing optimum conditions for transportation, animal husbandry, environmental enrichment, prevention of diseases and appropriate experimental techniques.
- The use of wild animals must not violate laws or policies for wildlife conservation
The use of wildlife is to be restricted to scientific research that cannot be replaced by any other kind of animals, and it is to abide by the laws and policies for wildlife.
- Animal users have to be aware of the accuracy of the research outcome using the minimal number of animals
Animal users have to be aware that the objective and goal of the project can be achieved accurately with the least number of animals depending on the genetics.
- Animal users must keep detailed data and records of animal experiments
Animal users must strictly follow the protocol described in their proposal, and all the details of the experiments are to be recorded in full and available for public release or investigation at all times.