Recognizing that Thailand has a very high level of agricultural biodiversity, and as one of the world’s largest rice exporters, the Biodiversity Division, under the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP). Thailand has become a Contracting Party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on January 29, 2004. Since the signing of the Convention in 1992, the country has effectively used its provisions as guiding principle for biodiversity conservation and management, especially in the dissemination the information and raising awareness of biological diversity. The CBD national focal point, organized a two-day meeting titled “Agricultural Biodiversity” on 22-23 May 2008 at the Miracle Grand Hotel in Bangkok. The objectives of the meeting were to: celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity, with emphasis on this year’s theme “Biodiversity and agriculture”; raise public awareness on the importance and interdependency between biodiversity and sustainable agriculture; disseminate knowledge and data regarding some particular aspects of biodiversity in Thailand; and promote and enhance the implementation of CBD in Thailand.
Thailand is situated in a hot and humid climatic zone which supports a variety of tropical ecosystems. Unlike those in temperate zone, tropical ecosystems provide wider niches for organism’s survival and hences, are able to support a much larger variety of plant, animal and microbe species.
From the records, there are 294 species of mammal in Thailand of which 42% originated from the southern part of the region, 34% from Indochinese or Indo–chinese and Indian sub–region and the remaining 24% are species that distributed throughout the Asian continent. Many animal species have been bred and domesticated for various purposes. For example, 19 species of mammal have been utilized for meat production or as labour in traditional agriculture. Some species have also been used for industrial, scientific and medical purposes. In term of livestock, biodiversity has been exploited from indigenous breeds, for example, Thai Indigenous cattle and chicken breeds. Those animals are suitable for condition in Thailand, but they are less productive compared to commercial breeds. Those breeds were crossed with high-productive breeds to improve the productivity.
For more information, direct contact:
Biodiversity research section,
Bureau of Animal Husbandry and Genetic Improvement, Department of Livestock Development
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). ND. Thailand. Retrieved from https://www.cbd.int
Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP). 2004. Thailand’s Biodiversity. Retrieved from http://chm-thai.onep.go.th/chm/Doc/Publication/ThaiBiodiv/ThailandBiodiversity_eng.pdf
Chee Tha Pra Chicken
Mae Hong Sorn Chicken
Pradu Hang Dam Chiangmai Chicken
Khao Lanna Cattle
Northeastern Indigenous Cattle